Tour to the archeological site of Paestum
Founded by the Greeks around 600 BCE, initially called Poseidon, Poseidon, or Neptune, god of the sea, to whom the city was dedicated. Between 400 and 273 forward was occupied by an Italic population of Lucania. In 273 it became a Roman colony under the name of Paestum. But there is no doubt that the foundation of the city was preceded by the installation of a commercial farm on the left bank and at the mouth of the river Silaros and that the conditions of the terrain induced malarial then the primitive settlers to move the town to the east, on a bench calcareous slightly raised on the plains and on the coast, along the course of another smaller river (the Salty river or Capofiume). By the plant on Silaros developed the primitive sea and river ports of the city and it was built at the Temple of Hera of Argos, which soon became one of the largest and most revered shrines of ancient Italy: about 50 stages separated the city from the Heraion and the his emporium on fiume.La end of the Roman Empire coincided roughly with the end of the city. Around 500 CE, in fact, following an outbreak of malaria, aggravated dall’insalubrità of the territory, the inhabitants gradually abandoned the city. The rediscovery of Paestum back to 1762, when it was built the modern road running through it still.
Origins of historical events and main of Paestum:
The Greek colonies in the Mediterranean, the most important were those based in Asia Minor and Magna Grecia, a term that refers to a set of cities founded by the Greeks in southern Italy and Sicily, one of which was precisely Paestum. Paestum was the motherland of Sybaris, founded in 720 BCE by the Achaean and Trezeni, who were therefore called sybaritic. These were famous for wealth, luxury and pride. The historian Diodorus, of the first century. BCE, wrote that ‘the sybaritic were slaves belly and lovers of luxury’. Strabo, geographer greek lived between 60 and 20 forward, said the sybaritic had created a fortified settlement near the mouth of the Sele River, extending their influence over neighboring territories. We’re riding in the seventh and sixth centuries. aEVLa foundation of the city was due to the need to Sybaris had to open up a trade route between the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian Sea through the dorsal de Particular metope depicting the killing of Alcyoneus at the hands of Heracles. (Narrator Museum of Argive Hera)ll’Appennino, avoiding the circumnavigation of the Calabrian coast and the Strait of Messina.La colony, located at a point strategic, in the middle of the intersection of trade routes between the Ionian basin and regions Italic, was called Poseidonia in honor of Poseidon, god of the sea. It was in 510 BCE, following the destruction of Sybaris by the work of Crotone, when many fled to sybaritic Poseidon with their wealth, their experience and their spirit of enterprise, the city reached a high level of economic and political power. From this period dates the construction of the three temples known by the name of the Basilica, Temple of Poseidon and the temple of Ceres, contemporary fresco greek to that so far discovered in the tomb of the diver. In the fifth century BC Lucan, Italic people began to infiltrate the colony, leaving many traces of its influence in the frescoed tombs according to the model of the Greek masters. At the end of the fourth century, allied with bruzi, sustained a long struggle against the Greeks for the domain of the new territories towards the sea, which ended with a reaffirmation of their supremacy over the city. In 273 BCE, the Romans occupied Poseidonia who thus became the loyal Roman Paestum, which proved to be close to Rome even in the most dramatic moments in its history. During the Roman period, in the third century, the economic and cultural activities flourished again: created new public buildings, such as the amphitheater, the forum and the gymnasium, which helped give the city the aspect that the excavations have brought to light. Among the factors that led to the decline of Paestum, the construction of new roads for trade in the East, which ended up hopelessly isolate the city’s main shopping streets, and the epidemic of malaria in the ninth century, combined with raids by Saracen pirates, that forced the pestani to take refuge in the mountains, and to abandon the ancient Poseidonia.
Information take from: Paestumsites